Foot and Ankle
A sprain is the stretching or tearing of ligaments, which connect adjacent bones in a joint and provides stability. An ankle sprain is a common injury that occurs when you fall, suddenly twist your ankle joint or when you land on your foot in an awkward position. It most commonly occurs when you participate in sports activities, or jump or run on an irregular surface.
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Achilles Tendon Injury
The Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is used when you walk, run and jump. When the Achilles tendon becomes thin, weak, or if it is not used, it may be susceptible to injury or damage. Achilles tendon rupture occurs most often in middle-aged athletes participating in activities that involve running, pivoting and jumping. Sports that may cause Achilles rupture include tennis, racquetball, basketball and badminton.
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Exertional Compartment Syndrome
Exertional compartment syndrome, also called chronic compartment syndrome, is a condition that causes pain or cramps in the legs during exercise. This pain usually lessens on stopping the activity. It most often occurs in the front compartment of the lower leg. Athletes participating in sports such as running, biking, or swimming which require repetitive movements are at a greater risk of developing this condition.
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